Reclaim the lost art of making bread dough by hand! No electric mixer or bread machine is needed to make this delicious pizza dough.
Have you ever seen a yeast bread recipe that mixes in either a mixer or a bread machine, and skipped over it because you don’t have that appliance? After this post, you’ll never have to do that again.
Yeast breads have been baked long before the invention of mixers or bread machines. It’s time to reclaim the lost art of baking bread by hand.
When I was in culinary school, “bread station” was one of my favorites. I didn’t always understand what I was doing or why I was doing it. But there are so many different things to make with only a few simple ingredients.
All that the dough hook on a stand mixer or a bread machine basically does is mix and knead the dough for you. Kneading is a process of working the dough to create chains of gluten. These chains are what create the structure of bread. If you didn’t knead the bread, your dough would not rise.
How do you knead? Well, you pull fold the back of the dough up over the front, and push it away from you with the heel of your hand, give it a quarter turn, and repeat. Sound a little confusing? Here, I made a video:
How do you know when you’re done kneading? What does “smooth and elastic” mean? Under-kneaded dough is flopping, tears easily, and looks ragged. Well-kneaded dough holds its shape, bounces back quickly when poked, and if you stretch out a portion of the dough, it becomes almost see-through.
On the other hand, what about over-kneading? Good news — it’s almost impossible to over-knead dough. Why? You’ll probably get tired before the dough gets to that point. If you’re kneading dough in a machine, over-kneading can happen, and the dough will feel dense and won’t fold. If that happens, let the dough rise a little longer than called for by the recipe, to let the dough relax.
There is no “magic number” for knowing when enough kneading is enough. Though yeast dough is finicky, it’s surprisingly forgiving when it comes to kneading. Your dough can be a little under- or over-kneaded and still come out well.
And best of all, homemade pizza dough is (A) inexpensive to make and (B) keeps well in the freezer, so go ahead and practice all you want!
Pizza Dough by Hand
- 1/2 cup warm water 95 to 105 degrees
- 2 1/4 tsp instant yeast
- 4 cups bread flour plus 1/4 cup more if needed, 22 oz
- 1 1/2 tsp kosher salt
- 1 1/4 cup room temperature water
- 2 tbsp olive oil
Sprinkle the instant yeast over the warm water, stir, then set aside to dissolve for 5 minutes.
In a mixing bowl, combine the 4 cups of bread flour, kosher salt, room temperature water and olive oil. Add the dissolved yeast, and mix well.
Dust a clean work surface with bread flour. Scrape the dough onto the floured surface, and knead in a rhythmic manner for 8 to 10 minutes, until the dough is smooth and elastic. Shape dough into a ball, and place in a well-oiled mixing bowl. Spray the top of the dough with cooking spray, cover the bowl with plastic wrap, then with a kitchen towel. Set aside in a warm, dark area to rise for 90 minutes to two hours, until the dough doubles in size.
Once risen, punch the dough down to remove as much air as possible. Divide the dough into two equal pieces.
If not using immediately, roll each portion of dough into a tight ball. Wrap each in plastic wrap. Place both dough balls inside a gallon-sized zip-top freezer bag, and place in the freezer.
On the day you plan to make pizza for dinner, preheat then oven (and your pizza stone!) to 500 degrees an hour before you plan to bake. Remove the plastic-wrapped dough ball from the freezer bag and place in the refrigerator first thing in the morning (if making pizza for lunch, put dough ball in the fridge the night before). Remove from the refrigerator and unwrap the plastic. Let sit at room temperature for 20 to 30 minutes. Then pat into a disk and stretch into a 12-inch circle.
Top your pizza as desired, reduce the oven temperature to 450 degrees, and bake pizza for 12 to 18 minutes, until crust is golden brown. Cut into 8 slices.
Recipe from Annie’s Eats
And in case you’re wondering, the topped pizza is Cooking Light’s Summer Veggie Pizza.